What is 360-degree feedback?

360-degree feedback is a performance appraisal method that gathers feedback from multiple sources about an individual’s competencies and behaviors. It involves not just receiving feedback from a supervisor but also from peers, subordinates, and even external sources, providing a comprehensive view.
Published on
April 1, 2024
Updated on
March 28, 2024

360-degree feedback is a powerful method for assessing employee performance. It goes beyond traditional evaluations by gathering insights from a wider circle, providing a holistic view of an individual's strengths and weaknesses. Let's delve deeper into this approach to understand its mechanics and the advantages it offers.

Understanding the Process

360-degree feedback involves soliciting input on an employee's performance from various sources:

• Supervisors: Direct managers who oversee the employee's day-to-day work.

• Peers: Colleagues who work alongside the employee on projects or within the same team.

• Subordinates: Team members who report to the employee (if applicable).

• External Stakeholders: Clients, vendors, or other external parties who interact with the employee.

By gathering feedback from these diverse perspectives, a well-rounded picture of the employee's performance emerges.

How it Works

A typical 360-degree feedback process follows these steps:

1. Rater Selection: The employee undergoing the assessment identifies individuals from different groups they interact with professionally to provide feedback.

2. Questionnaire Distribution: Raters receive questionnaires with specific criteria to evaluate the employee's performance.

3. Data Collection: Feedback is collected and often anonymized by a third-party provider to ensure honest responses.

4. Feedback Session: A one-on-one meeting is held with the employee to discuss the anonymized feedback, highlighting both strengths and areas for improvement.

5. Development Planning: Based on the feedback received, a personalized development plan is created to address areas needing improvement and leverage existing strengths.

Benefits of 360-Degree Feedback

Organizations leverage 360-degree feedback for various reasons:

• Leadership Development: Identifying leadership strengths and potential areas of growth to enhance a leader's effectiveness.

• Performance Appraisals: Supplementing traditional performance reviews with a broader perspective on an employee's contribution.

• Team Development: Understanding individual strengths and weaknesses within a team to improve overall dynamics and identify areas where support is needed.

Why Choose 360-Degree Feedback?

There are compelling reasons to integrate 360-degree feedback into your performance management strategy:

• Holistic Assessment: Provides a more comprehensive view of employee performance by gathering feedback from various stakeholders.

• Development Opportunities: Equips employees with valuable insights into how they are perceived, allowing them to target their development efforts.

• Enhanced Communication: Fosters a culture of open communication and continuous improvement within the organization by promoting transparent feedback channels.


360-degree feedback offers a valuable tool for performance evaluation. By providing a well-rounded assessment of an individual's capabilities and behaviors, it contributes to ongoing professional growth and organizational success.

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